Unit 1 lớp 12: reading

     

Đây là chương mở màn của công tác tiếng Anh lớp 12, chuyển phiên quanh chủ đề cuộc sống thường ngày gia đình - một chủ thể khá quen thuộc và ngay gần gũi. Bài viết cung cấp đa số từ vựng, cấu trúc cần học cũng như hướng dẫn giải pháp làm các bài tập vào phần A - Reading.


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I. Tự vựng có trong bài học:

Dưới đây là các từ mới áp dụng trong phần Reading:

shift <∫ift> (n): ca, kípbiologist (n): bên sinh đồ vật họcresponsibility (n): trách nhiệmhousehold chores (n); câu hỏi nhà, bài toán vặt vào nhàattempt <ə"tempt>: sự vắt gắngmischievous <"mist∫ivəs> (adj): tinh nghịch, tai quáiclose-knit <"klousnit>:gắn bó với nhau (về tình cảm, quyền lợi)

II. Kết cấu cần để ý trong bài bác học:

to join hands: cố tay nhau, cùng nhauto take/assume the responsibility lớn sb for sth: chịu trách nhiệm với ai về điều gì đóto run the household: trông nom bài toán nhàto be willing (to bởi vì sth) : sẵn sàng chuẩn bị làm dòng gìto give a hand: góp một tayto win a place at university: thi đỗ vào trường đại họcto take out the garbage: đổ rác

III. Giải đáp giải bài xích tập

1. Before you read

Hỏi và vấn đáp các câu sau:

1. Where is the family?

The family is sitting in their living room

2. What is each member of the family doing?

The father is playing with the son và the mother is helping the girl with her study.

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3.Is the family happy? Why (not)?

It"s a happy and closely-knit family, everyone of which loves and helps one another.

2. While you read:

Đây là bài đọc của unit trong sách giáo khoa:

I come from a family of five people : my parents , my two younger brothers and I . My mother works as a nurse in a big hospital.She has khổng lồ work a long hours and once a week she has to work on a night shift . My father is a biologist .He works from 8 am to lớn 5 pm in a lab , but sometimes when there is a project he doesn’t come trang chủ until very late at night . Althought my parents are very busy at work, they try khổng lồ spend as muck time for their childrens as possible . It is generally believed the “ men make house và women make home “ but in my family , both parents join hands khổng lồ give us a nice hoyuse & a happy hime.My mother is a very caring woman . She takes the responsibility for running the household .She is always the first one to lớn get up in the morning khổng lồ make sure that we leave home for school with breakfast và in suitable clothers . In the afternoon , after hospital ,she rushes to the market , the hurries home so that dinner is readdy on the table by the time Dad gets home. Dad is always willing to give a hand with cleaning the house . Unlike most men , he enjoys cooking.Sometimes , at weekends . He cooks us some special dishes. His eel soup is better than any other soups I have ever eatẹn.As I am now in my final year at the secondary school, và in my attempt to win a place at university , I am under a lot of study pressure. However. Being the eldest child & the only daughter in the family I try ti help with household chores.My main reponsibility is lớn wash the dishes and take out the garbege. I also look after the boys , who are quite active and mischievous sometimes, but most of the time they are quite obedient and hard-working . They love joining my father in mending things around the house ar weekend.We are a very close-knit family & very supportive of one another.We often mô tả our feelings , và whenever problems come up, we discuss them frankly and find solutions quickly. We always feel safe & secure in our family. It is a base frim which we can go into the world with confidence .

Task 1: lựa chọn đáp án gồm nghĩa gần kề nhất với những câu mang lại sẵn

1.He doesn"t come trang chủ until very late at night. (Anh ấy không về nhà cho đến đêm muộn)

A. He never comes home late at night.B. He comes trang chủ late at night. (Anh ấy về nhà lúc đêm muộn)C. He sometimes comes home late at night.

=> Chọn giải đáp B

2. "Men build the house and women make it home" (Đàn ông xây nhà, lũ bà làm tổ ấm)

A. Both men and women are good at building houses.B. Men and women have to lớn live separately.C.Men’s responsibility is to lớn work and support the family và women’s job is khổng lồ look after the family. (Trách nhiệm của bầy ông là làm việc và cung ứng gia đình và quá trình của đàn bà là chăm sóc gia đình).

=> Chọn câu trả lời C

3. Our parents join hands khổng lồ give us a nice house & a happy home. (Bố mẹ tôi với mọi người trong nhà chung tay nhằm cho chúng tôi một khu nhà ở đẹp và hạnh phúc)

A. Our parents work together lớn give us a nice house và a happy home.(Bố người mẹ tôi cùng mọi người trong nhà chung tay để cho công ty chúng tôi một ngôi nhà đẹp và hạnh phúc)B. Our parents take each other’s hands when they give us a nice house and a happy home.C. Our parents shake hands when they give us a nice house and a happy home.

=> Chọn đáp án A

4. The boys are mischievous sometimes. (Những cậu bé đôi khi hết sức tinh ranh, nghịch ngợm)

A. The boys are well-behaved sometimes.B. The boys enjoy playing tricks and annoying people sometimes (Những cậu bé nhỏ đôi khi dùng mánh khóe và làm cho mọi fan khó chịu)C. The boys miss their parents sometimes.

=> Chọn lời giải B

5. We are a very close-knit family. (Chungs tôi là một gia đình rất khăng khít)

A. Members of our family have very close relationships with each other. (các member trong gia đình tôi có quan hệ rất gần gụi với những người dân khác)B. Members of our family need each other.C. Members of our family are never close to lớn each other.

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=> Chọn lời giải A

Task 2: Đọc và vấn đáp câu hỏi:

1. How busy are the parents in the passage?

The mother has towork a long hours & once a week she has lớn work on a night shift và the fatherworks from 8 am to lớn 5 pm in a lab , andsometimes when there is a project he doesn’t come home until very late at night.

2. How caring is the mother?

She’s always the first to lớn get up in the morning to make sure her children can leave home for school with breakfast & in suitable clothes, và she always makes dinner ready before her husband gets home.

3. How vày the father & the daughter chia sẻ the household chores?

The father sometimes cooks some special dishes và mends things around the house at weekends. Và the daughter helps with the household chores: washing up and taking out the garbage. She also takes care of her two younger brothers.

4.What is the daughter attempt to vị after secondary school?

She attempts khổng lồ win a seal in a university.

5. Why vì the children feel they are safe and secure in their family?

Because they are a close-knit & supportive of one another, they often nội dung their feelings and whenever problems come up, they discuss them frankly and quickly find solutions

3.After you read:

So sánh mái ấm gia đình được diễn tả trong đoạn văn với mái ấm gia đình của bạn

Dưới đấy là một bài viết gợi ý cho chúng ta tham khảo:

Unlike the family descibed in the text, my family as four people in my family: My father, my mother, my younger sister and I. My mother is an English teacher, she works quite far from home so that she has khổng lồ go to work very early in the morning. My father is a doctor. He is very busy everyday, sometimes he has lớn work on a night shift, the same with the mother in the passage. In spite of being very busy with their job, my family always spend time together, especially at weekend. My parents take me and my sister out for dinner, & we also go khổng lồ the cinema to lớn watch some interesting movie.

My biggest goal this time is lớn pass the entrance exam of the university, so that I have khổng lồ spend lots of time learning. However, my sister & I join hands khổng lồ help my parents to vày houseworks và cook meals when they come home late. The gaps between my sister and I is quite big, so we not very close-knit, but we love & always willing to lớn help each other every time.

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I vì chưng not spend much time talking with my parents about problems, and we all busy everyday. However, we spend time together as much as possible to build-up the family"s relationships between members.